Armistice and After: The Legacy of the WWI Generation in the U.S.

The Great War, aka World War One, truly changed the course of human history. The experience of those who fought in it would have a huge impact on both their later decisions, which lead to WW2, and their children.

The Angry Staff Officer

“This is the great reward of service, to live, far out and on, in the life of others.”
– Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain

I came upon this quote about four years ago – near the 100th anniversary of Chamberlain’s death – and right around the time that France, Germany, the UK (and the Commonwealth Countries) were beginning to commemorate the centennial of the First World War. It has stayed with me over the past four years, as I, too, began my own journey towards the Armistice – though I did not know it then. I was recently home from Afghanistan, my own piece of war, and in search of something to throw my mind into to turn it towards peace. And, paradoxically, I found the generation of the U.S. in World War I silently awaiting me. Waiting for their stories to be told. Asking me to “live, far out and on,”…

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The Glorious Cause, a short review

The history book, The Glorious Cause, by Prof. Robert Middlekauff is a thick, detailed examination of the American War of Independence. The book tries to layout the details of the war, plus the causes through the reaction of the 13 colonies and the politics of England.

 

The book covers events from the year 1763 AD to 1789 AD. These years cover from the end of the French & Indian war, the North American theater of the Seven Years’ War, up through the Constitutional Convention and general acceptance of the American Constitution.

 

Through these topics, Prof. MiddleKauff has tried to look at the roots of the revolution and the consequences of the war. This attempts to place the war in a larger context, helping the reader to comprehend how other events in Europe influenced the American colonist to the point of war. The approach also gives the reader some suggested ideas of how the foundations of the United states of American were laid, not just in the political domain, but also the cultural and economic domains as well.

 

The chapters covering the war do not start till page 255. In attempting to lay a foundation for the war, the author covers many events and persons. He discusses the elements of King George III’s reign, which started in 1760, and how this began to shift royal policies toward the colonies. By this point the 13 colonies had existed for over a century so were a well established society.

 

Prof. Middlekauff lays out how the colonies disgruntled reaction to these policy changes were the first embers of revolution. Yet, the author does not bias in favor of the colonials. He shows why many of those royal policies were taken in reaction to budgetary difficulties the British government was having after several years of fighting European wars.

 

The war is covered in excellent detail up through page 570. His analysis of the war looks at the battles, strategy of each side, and the personalities of the major leaders. Once the War of Independence started to pull in European allies in France and Spain, the author attempts to layout why those nations went to war, how France favored the colonial cause, but Spain was more ambivalent toward the American’s cause.

 

Prof Middlekauff then spends a 150 pages laying out the aftermath of the war, and the struggles for the 13 colonies to try and form a proper central government. This goes through elements of the Constitutional convention, why it was called, and the debates on the ratification of the American Constitution.

 

Overall, this is an excellent but lengthy read on one of the most pivotal event of modern history, the founding of the United States of America.

 

glorious cause cover

The Scottish poet Robert Burns

Now a light heartened cultural post:

As we move solidly into the holidays with Halloween merely days away, let’s look beyond to a tradition that has become a stable of New YEar’s Eve around the English speaking world, and that is the singing of Auld Lang Syne.

Many singers know the first verse well:

“Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
And never brought to mind?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
And auld lang syne.”

Below the Scottish Youtuber Mosco Moon explains how the Scots see this celebrated poet of their country.

And for the rest of the of the song:

Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
And never brought to mind?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
And auld lang syne.

Chorus:

For auld lang syne, my jo,
For auld lang syne,
We’ll tak a cup o’ kindness yet,
For auld lang syne,

And surely ye’ll be your pint-stowp!
And surely I’ll be mine!
And we’ll tak a cup o’ kindness yet,
For auld lang syne.

Chorus

We twa hae run about the braes
And pu’d the gowans fine;
But we’ve wander’d mony a weary foot
Sin auld lang syne.

Chorus

We twa hae paidl’d i’ the burn,
Frae mornin’ sun till dine;
But seas between us braid hae roar’d
Sin auld lang syne.

Chorus

And there’s a hand, my trusty fiere!
And gie’s a hand o’ thine!
And we’ll tak a right guid willy waught,
For auld lang syne.

Chorus

Should old acquaintance be forgot,
And never brought to mind?
Should old acquaintance be forgot,
And long, long ago.

Chorus

And for long, long ago, my dear
For long, long ago,
We’ll take a cup of kindness yet,
For long, long ago

And surely youll buy your pint-jug!
And surely I’ll buy mine!
And we’ll take a cup of kindness yet,
For long, long ago.

Chorus

We two have run about the hills
And pulled the daisies fine;
But we’ve wandered manys the weary foot
Since long, long ago.

Chorus

We two have paddled in the stream,
From morning sun till dine;
But seas between us broad have roared
Since long, long ago.

Chorus

And there’s a hand, my trusty friend!
And give us a hand of yours!
And we’ll take a deep draught of good-will
For long, long ago.

Chorus

#Scotland #Scots #NewYear #NewYearEve #UK #Britain #Celtic #poetry

 

 

 

 

Does Odin’s title mean Allfather

 

Dr. Crawford discusses how the title interpretation for Alfǫðr given in the Prose Eddas for Odin/Wodan/Wotan/Othann might not be corrected. Instead of meaning All Father it might mean something closer to All Orderer.
The Germanic myths play such a large part in Anglic culture because of the Anglo-Saxon conquest of England in the 600s, followed by the Danish Great Pagan Army of the Viking Era.
These myths, legends, cultures, and events would go on to inspire many later English creative things such as Dr. J.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle Earth stories. Tolkien’s own notes show how the Rohann social and martial structure was inspired by aspects of the old Ango-Saxon culture of post Roman Britain.
#Nordic #mythology #Odin #Anglic #Britian #English

Past and Present discussions of closer ties among the English speaking world

This idea has gotten bounced around for over a hundred years. The 19th century saw the idea of the Imperial Federation suggested. The late 20th century saw talk of the Anglosphere. And there is suggestions of the CANZUK International in the past decade.

Either way there are common cultural roots between all the nations that make up the Anglic Civilization. They have close military, diplomatic, and cultural ties. It is an easy step for people to try and imagine closer commercial and political ties.

 

Roman Politics

To many modern people, the ancient politics of Roman seem archaic and even arcane. But such unique systems of politics where various interests were represented by checks and balances, with complex systems of power sharing, were inspirations to the American Founding Fathers when they were first trying to create a government for the United States.

 

Ben Franklin’s 13 Virtues

  1. Temperance. Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.
  2. Silence. Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.
  3. Order. Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.
  4. Resolution. Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.
  5. Frugality. Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing.
  6. Industry. Lose no time; be always employ’d in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.
  7. Sincerity. Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly.
  8. Justice. Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.
  9. Moderation. Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve.
  10. Cleanliness. Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, cloaths, or habitation.
  11. Tranquillity. Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable.
  12. Chastity. Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another’s peace or reputation.
  13. Humility. Imitate Jesus and Socrates.

Pocket Guide to the Constitution, a quick review

 

Dr. Andrew Arnold has attempted within 170 pages to give a concise summary of the U.S Constitution, its history, and how many of the decisions and interpretations of the past are still very much with us today. The author does not attempt to lay out any political agenda or biased interpretation of the document that is the very core of American jurisprudence. Instead he has successfully contextualized each article and amendment of the U.S. Constitution in light of the original Constitutional Convention, and historical evolution of interpretations right up to the modern era.

This is an excellent resource for those wanting to get a broad overview of this complex but vital piece of the United States. It also makes a good gift to students studying American history.PeVaDwAAQBAJ

Growth of Technological trends

While the Anglic Civilization has been enriched and changed deeply by all the other cultures that have added to the mix, at the core; many of the foundation tenets of the civilization still go back to the United Kingdoms. The technological development trends that have ran through the British society and culture for the last 400 years have been a vital part to making the Anglic Civ. one with such impact upon the world. We can see those same trends lay deep within the society and culture of Britain’s daughter nations such as the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. Many other nations have taken the same trends to heart, both nations that opposed Britain in geopolitics at times and nations influenced by Britain. Those trends continue to this day.